Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. She was born Mary Teresa Winifred Bourke on May 21, 1944, in Ballina, County Mayo, Ireland. Robinson got the permission of the then Arch… The only girl in a family of five, she attended Mt. Mary Robinson, née Mary Teresa Winifred Bourke, (born May 21, 1944, Ballina, County Mayo, Ireland), Irish lawyer, politician, and diplomat who served as president of Ireland (1990–97), the first woman to hold that post. , Robinson stood as an independent presidential candidate but received support from the, United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, "Elections Ireland: Presidential Elections", https://www.electionsireland.org/results/president/index.cfm, http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9126239, Carnegie Council resources by Mary Robinson, Realizing Rights was founded in October 2002 by Mary Robinson, https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/w/index.php?title=Mary_Robinson&oldid=4980926. Before she was elected President of Ireland in 1990, Mrs. Robinson served as Senator for 20 years. To share with more than one person, separate addresses with a comma. In that position she emphasized the promotion of human rights at the national and regional levels. It worked on such issues as fair international trade, access to health care, migration, women’s leadership, and corporate responsibility. The Memoirs of Mary Robinson by Mary Darby Robinson & Mary Elizabeth Robinson, with an introduction and notes by J. Fitzgerald Molloy. This page was last changed on 13 September 2020, at 21:18. Meanwhile, Robinson had begun her political career. She was also known as a ... Facts about Mary Robinson 3: achievement. The Allentown, Pennsylvania native is currently the only person on death row to have committed crimes as a juvenile serial killer — and his time there may be limited. Mary Therese Winifred Robinson (Irish: Máire Bean Mhic Róibín; née Bourke; born 21 May 1944) is an Irish Independent politician who served as the seventh President of Ireland from December 1990 to September 1997, becoming the first woman to hold this office. Her mother, Tessa O'Donnell, came from County Donegal. She continued to work with the United Nations, serving as a special envoy (or representative) to the Great Lakes region of Africa in 2013–14 and a special envoy for climate change in 2014–15. In 2001 Robinson led a world conference devoted to fighting racism and other forms of discrimination. Strongly committed to human rights, Robinson was the first head of state to visit Somalia after it suffered from civil war and famine in 1992. She adopted a more prominent role than earlier Irish presidents, and she did much to present a more modern image of Ireland to the world. We hope you and your family enjoy the NEW Britannica Kids. Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. In 1988 Robinson and her husband established the Irish Centre for European Law at Trinity. By continuing to use this site, you consent to the terms of our cookie policy, which can be found in our. Robinson threw her out of his house and retained custody of their second child. The election of a candidate with socialist and feminist sympathies was regarded as a watershed in Irish political life, reflecting the changes taking place in Irish society. Irish lawyer, politician, and diplomat Mary Robinson was Ireland’s first woman president, serving from 1990 to 1997. She served on the Joint Committee on Marital Breakdown and the Joint Committee on EC Secondary Legislation. She also became the Reid Professor of Law at Trinity College. Robinson stood for election as Ireland’s president in 1990. Accessible across all of today's devices: phones, tablets, and desktops. Robinson founded the organization Realizing Rights: The Ethical Globalization Initiative in 2002. London: Gibbings and Company, Ld., 1895. In the span of under a year and at just 17 years old, Harvey Robinson attacked five women, killing three. Mary Robinson as President of Ireland. People began to recognize him when he became a member of Irish Senate. Mary Blair (October 21, 1911 – July 26, 1978), born Mary Robinson, was an American artist who was prominent in producing art and animation for The Walt Disney Company, drawing concept art for such films as Alice in Wonderland, Peter Pan, Song of the South and Cinderella. Improved homework resources designed to support a variety of curriculum subjects and standards. In 1998 she was elected chancellor of Trinity College. Britannica does not review the converted text. When she joined Trinity’s law faculty, she was the youngest professor in the school’s history. After her presidency, Robinson worked with many organizations to champion human rights worldwide. She also served as United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights from 1997 to 2002 and a Senator for the University of Dublin from 1969 to 1989. Interesting Mary Ann Cotton Facts: 14-26. We’ve been busy, working hard to bring you new features and an updated design. Born Mary Therese Winifred Bourke in Ballina, County Mayo in 1944, Mary Robinson was the daughter of two medical doctors. After attending Trinity College and King’s Inns in Dublin and Harvard University in the United States, she became a constitutional lawyer and law professor. She later was United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR; 1997–2002). One ancestor was a leading activist in the Irish National Land League in Mayo and the Irish Republican Brotherhood; an uncle, Sir Paget John Bourke, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II after a career as a judge in the Colonial Service; while another relative was a Roman Catholicnun. 100 Women Trailblazers. In 2016 Robinson worked as a UN special envoy to address drought and flooding caused by the climate pattern known as El Niño. Robinson served as the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights from 1997 to 2002. Amnesty International awarded her its Ambassador of Conscience award in 2004. In 1969, she was elected to the Irish Senate as an independent senator. After translating an article, all tools except font up/font down will be disabled. 14. At first it seemed unlikely that she would win, so her victory came as a surprise to many people. She defeated Fianna Fáil's Brian Lenihan and Check out this biography to know about his birthday, childhood, family life, achievements and to allow women to stay in the civil service after they married, Joint Committee on EC Secondary Legislation (1973–1989), Chairman of its Social Affairs Sub-Committee (1977–1987), Chairman of its Legal Affairs Committee (1987–1989), Joint Committee on Marital Breakdown (1983–1985), A Bill to fully liberalise the law on the availability of, Gabriel Kiely, Anne o'Donnell, Patricia Kennedy, Suzanne Quin (eds). 10 Facts about Mary Robinson. Please note: Text within images is not translated, some features may not work properly after translation, and the translation may not accurately convey the intended meaning. Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. Britannica Explores. She was nominated by the Labour Party and was supported by the Green Party and the Workers’ Party. In 2009 Robinson received the U.S. Presidential Medal of Freedom. Robinson received many honors for her human rights work. Take a minute to check out all the enhancements! From 1969 to 1989 she was a member of Ireland’s Senate. Marty Robbins was an American singer, songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, and actor. Her father, Dr. Aubrey Bourke, was a general practitioner in that area for 50 years. Anville, an exclusive Catholic girls' boarding school in … Facts about Mary Robinson 1: the national prominence. On December 3rd 1990 Mary Robinson became the first woman, the first non-Fianna Fail candidate and the first Labour candidate to become President of Ireland. A new, third level of content, designed specially to meet the advanced needs of the sophisticated scholar. Robinson said that because her mother assumed she would be the only girl in her family, "she gave … After attending Trinity College and King’s Inns in Dublin and Harvard University in the United States, she became a constitutional lawyer and law professor. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Privacy Policy.

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