The reasons are the premises, the claim they support is the conclusion; together they make an argument. A lack of these things shows a lack of understanding, and some dislike not having this understanding. The working assumption is that the more clearly the question or problem is stated, the easier it is to identify critical issues.  It follows that another element of philosophical method, common in the work of nearly all philosophers, is philosophical criticism. These questions are only the tip of the philosophical iceberg. Some philosophers and ordinary people dive right in and start trying to solve the problem. Philosophical method (or philosophical methodology) is the study of how to do philosophy. Can one sport be objectively better than another? A good argument — a clear, organized, and sound statement of reasons — may ultimately cure the original doubts that motivated us to take up philosophy. Sometimes, what is called for, is a certain sort of explanation — not a causal explanation, but an explanation for example of how two different views, which seem to be contrary to one another, can be held at the same time, consistently. In modern philosophy the reaction to systematic philosophy began with Kierkegaard and continued in various forms through analytic philosophy, existentialism, hermeneutics, and deconstructionism. There is not just one method that philosophers use to answer philosophical questions. It is this that makes much philosophizing a social endeavor. Evaluate positions Identify positions on the question CONCEPT The Philosophical Approach to Inquiry 13 Which of the following is a philosophical question? A relatively small number of major philosophers prefer not to be quick, but to spend more time trying to get extremely clear on what the problem is all about. One can call this a philosophical explanation. Step 2: Philosophical Inquiry and Writing to Learn. You might ask students "What is the most important question to ask? Often, people fail to understand what it is they believe, and fail to understand the reasons they believe in what they do. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Philosophical Method and Galileo's Paradox of Infinity, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Philosophical_methodology&oldid=972207925, Articles needing additional references from May 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from May 2013, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 August 2020, at 20:12. Some common features of the methods that philosophers follow (and discuss when discussing philosophical method) include: Plato said that "philosophy begins in wonder", a view which is echoed by Aristotle: "It was their wonder, astonishment, that first led men to philosophize and still leads them. It is about questioning assumptions, digging for deeper understanding. If one is willing to be satisfied without any good supporting reasons, then a Western philosophical approach may not be what one actually requires. One might think of arguments as bundles of reasons — often not just a list, but logically interconnected statements — followed by the claim they are reasons for. Academically, the students developed their abilities to construct philosophical questions, gather relevant information for an inquiry from a variety of sources, analyze data, construct a well−reasoned thesis, write, reflect, and participate in a philosophical community of inquiry. Why?" Different assumptions would lead to different ways of living. How many people live in poverty in the world? For example, about God, themselves, the natural world, human society, morality and human productions. Examples of systematic philosophers include Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Spinoza, and Hegel. Argument - provide an … " Philosophizing may begin with some simple doubts about accepted beliefs. Others are able to think of criticisms from another perspective. Philosophers are, or at least are expected to be, very good at giving arguments. In philosophy concerning the most fundamental aspects of the universe, the experts all disagree. A bewilderingly huge number of basic concepts are poorly understood. One can do this sort of harsh criticism on one's own, but others can help greatly, if important assumptions are shared with the person offering the criticisms. They constantly demand and offer arguments for different claims they make. Method in philosophy is in some sense rooted in motivation, only by understanding why people take up philosophy can one properly understand what philosophy is. The initial impulse to philosophize may arise from suspicion, for example, that we do not fully understand, and have not fully justified, even our most basic beliefs about the world. In a broad, ambiguous sense, the subject-matter and circum-stances of philosophy are the same, for they both range through the A common view among philosophers is that philosophy is distinguished by the ways that philosophers follow in addressing philosophical questions. Some common features of the methods that philosophers follow (and discuss when discussing philosophical method) include: Methodic doubt - a systematic process of being skeptical about (or doubting) the truth of one's beliefs. Once students are familiar with a sampling of these questions, they can be given the freedom to imagine questions of their own. All the supporting philosophical text is offered by way of hedging, explanation, and argument. In many ways, any attempts to formulate a philosophical method that provides the ultimate constituents of reality, a metaphysics, can be considered systematic philosophy. Philosophers offer definitions and explanations in solution to problems; they argue for those solutions; and then other philosophers provide counter arguments, expecting to eventually come up with better solutions. It is rare to find a philosopher, particularly in the Western philosophical tradition, who lacks many arguments. Another approach is to enunciate a theory, or to offer a definition or analysis, which constitutes an attempt to solve a philosophical problem. An argument is a set of statements, one of which (the conclusion), it is said or implied, follows from the others (the premises). Systematic philosophy attempts to provide a framework in reason that can explain all questions and problems related to human life.
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