Their promiscuous living enables them to have multiple partners as many as 100, making them vulnerable to and carriers of sexually transmitted diseases. a. The gay ideology only reduces the human dignity. I’m not sure what you mean. Two men or two women cannot reproduce. Council for Democratic and Secular Humanism, Inc. In this theory, homosexuality is not acceptable because it simply does not conform in accordance with nature. Are laws controlling abortion violates privacy? First off, I wouldn’t get my philosophy from someone like Sam Harris. Completely different statements and, if we could derive an ought from them, we’d have completely different normative values. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2000. certainly humanity is not merely being part of a specific species. A nominalist would not deny the profound differences in a human being and cannabis leaf because that itself would be an abandonment of empiricism. The essential difference between natural and positive law can be summed-up by a brief examination of Sir Leslie Stephen's famous remark in The Science of Ethics:. In spite of the fact that her arguments were simple minded in the extreme, she persisted in holding to her views. Scholars This is just basic criticism of utilitarianism. The practice of homosexuality presents lethal consequences to other people. All that matter is that their actions are right if it pleases everyone. Abortion and Homosexuality, for many years, still remain one of the most crucial social and ethical issues of modern times. So, there can be many cases where the ends do not justify the means, contra consequentialism. This principle states that evil must never be willed or voluntary or used as an end or means to an end. Would you place it in the hedonist school? Utilitarianism (also called consequentialism) is a moral theory developed and refined in the modern world in the writings of Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873). Many lesbians are vulnerable to AIDS if they are bisexual, as many are. Powered by Discourse, best viewed with JavaScript enabled, : The views and opinions expressed in these forums do not necessarily reflect those of Catholic Answers. I don’t think anyone is saying we should allow the worst possible misery for everyone. The act is moral if its consequences contribute to the happiness (welfare) of many people (sum-ranking). Nominalists do not deny the existence of categories; they insist that categories are human constructs that assist in classification of objects which would help facilitate the communication and comprehension of information pertaining to the observable world and intangible subjective ideas. Homosexuals continue their struggle for recognition. Human Law is made up of man made laws such as those imposed by the government, e.g. (2nd Ed.). it is a religious view that won’t be able to give us a universal articulation of morality. As stated earlier, their practices allow them to experience various relationships with different partners. The American Journal of Jurisprudence. happiness or well-being is the goal of consequentialist or utilitarian ethics. Toward A Consistent Natural Law: Ethics of Killing. Considering these scenarios, different views and laws come into play, for or against: The Natural Law versus the Utilitarian Law. Moral considerations in abortion include: Is the fetus a person? *. (Leviticus 20:10), If a man lies with a male as with a women, both of them shall be put to death for their abominable deed; they have forfeited their lives. part of being human, perhaps the most essential aspect of humanity, is the propensity for self-creation. In this case, abortion is only terminating the pregnancy, not killing a child. Grisez, G.G. Utilitarianism, in normative ethics, a tradition stemming from the late 18th- and 19th-century English philosophers and economists Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill according to which an action is right if it tends to promote happiness and wrong if it tends to produce the reverse of happiness. Homosexuality was never the natural condition of men, and history has proven it time and again. Reply With Quote. Would abortion be allowed to women who are victims of rape or incest? Abortion is justified if done within the period when the fetus is not fully developed. Homosexuality is illegal in 80 countries, 42 of these outlaw male-to-male sex. So ultimately the morality and “oughtness” of the action is going to rest upon whether it actually fulfills our nature (again, you accepted our axiom), not how much pleasure it derives. Unhappiness will rule the lives of both mother and child, and the people around them. Pleasure for its own sake, regardless of the consequences? Compare And Contrast Natural Law Theory And Utilitarianism. *. This law also compares abortion to self-defense. The central arguments of this law against abortion is the notion that human life begins at conception, that abortion is a deliberate act of killing the life in progress, and that the law must prohibit unjust violations of the right to live. Utilitarianism is a generally teleological ethical system, where the outcome is said to justify the act. Yes, march against Babylon, the land of rebels, a land that I will judge! There are two major ethics theories that attempt to specify and justify moral rules and principles: utilitarianism and deontological ethics. Both aim at maximizing intrinsic good — usually happiness when we are talking about utilitarianism — and minimizing intrinsic bad — usually suffering. Not what I said at all. If she is forced to care for the child, it will be a burden because she is not ready for the responsibility. in the evolutionary view it is unclear what that statement could even mean. Answer to Please compare and contrast the difference between Utilitarianism in and the Natural Law Theory. (Reprinted). It covers every culture and age. we transcend what natural selection evolved us to do in order to create and pursue purposes all our own. Secondly, the will’s end is what is “good”. Homosexuality and the Natural Law. The fetus, according to this theory, only becomes a person when it is viable in 23 weeks. (Jeremiah 50:21-22). The act of abortion is evil because its motivation is willful and pre-meditated in terminating an innocent being. rather than seeing homosexuals avoiding natural law ethics because it prohibits what they do, i think people in general avoid natural law ethics because it is a lousy system of ethics. the notion of “the greatest happiness for the greatest number” has problems as does maximizing average happiness and many other formulations of what is the correct algebra for happiness. The best way, but not the very best way. the problem is that saying that the law is written on our hearts gives us no way to settle the matter as to what this law is. “Let the battle cry be heard in the land, a shout of great destruction”. … wife or husband. Natural law uses the principle of Double Effect wherein a person may lawfully perform an action from which two effects will follow, one bad, the other good. On the other hand, homosexuals are well-known throughout history and now becoming a phenomenon these days. Issue: 2. Thus we get this principle: “I ought to do whatever fulfills my nature, because I desire what fulfills my nature.” Highly plausible principles here, and the so-called naturalistic fallacy doesn’t occur.

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